AAAI-14 Invited Speakers
AAAI-14 will feature the following series of distinguished speakers:
- Joint AAAI/IAAI Invited Talk
- Robert S. Engelmore Award Lecture
- IAAI-14 Invited Talk
Ron Kaplan (Nuance Communications)
Joint AAAI/IAAI Invited Talk
Siri: Back to the Future
Siri is the virtual personal assistant resident inside hundreds of millions of Apple devices. Ask Siri to buy you a movie ticket, make a restaurant reservation, send a message or a tweet, or get the score of the big game and Siri will help you get the job done quickly and easily, through a conversational interaction. People often ask me, "What technology is really behind Siri" and "What's next for Siri?" As a former Apple employee, I'm not at liberty to talk about either of these questions. However, without saying anything related to Apple's system or roadmaps, I can describe the past, explaining what got left "on the cutting room floor" as Siri moved forward from research to commercialization up to an eventual acquisition by Apple. In this talk, I will present the technology and features behind a lineage of systems leading towards Apple's Siri: OAA, Vanguard, CALO, Active, the startup Siri. We will do it in reverse: the farther we go back in time, the more futuristic each version gets, with fantastic capabilities not available in any later version. As Steve Jobs famously said, "You can't connect the dots looking forward, you can only connect them looking backwards..."
Adam Cheyer was a founder and vice president of engineering at Siri Inc., and, after Apple acquired the company, a director of engineering in Apple's iOS group. As a startup, Siri won the Innovative Web Technologies award at SXSW, and was chosen a Top Ten Emerging Technology by MIT's Technology Review; Apple's version of Siri was presented "Best Technical Achievement" at the 2011 Crunchies Awards, and is now available on hundreds of millions of devices.
Adam was also a member of the founding team at Change.org, an international community of 40 million members who fight for what's right locally, nationally, and globally. Adam also co-founded Genetic Finance, which distributes machine learning algorithms across more than 1M CPUs to discover novel solutions to complex problems. As a researcher in artificial intelligence at SRI International, Adam authored more than 60 publications and 10 patents. He was Chief Architect of CALO, one of DARPA's largest AI and machine learning projects. Adam graduated with highest honors from Brandeis University and received the "Outstanding Masters Student" from UCLA's School of Engineering.
AAAI 2014 Robert S. Engelmore Award Lecture
From Virtual Museums to Peacebuilding: Creating and Using Linked Knowledge
Craig A. Knoblock (University of Southern California)
Companies, such as Google and Microsoft, are building web-scale linked knowledge bases for the purpose of indexing and searching the web, but these efforts do not address the problem of building accurate, fine-grained, deep knowledge bases for specific application domains. We are developing an integration framework, called Karma, which supports the rapid, end-to-end construction of such linked knowledge bases. In this talk I will describe machine-learning techniques for mapping new data sources to a domain model and linking the data across sources. I will also present several applications of this technology, including building virtual museums and integrating data sources for peacebuilding.
Craig Knoblock is a research professor in computer science at the University of Southern California (USC) and the director of information integration at the USC Information Sciences Institute. He received his Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon in 1991. His research focuses on techniques related to information integration, semantic web and linked data. He has published more than 250 journal articles, book chapters, and conference papers. Knoblock is a AAAI Fellow, a Distinguished Scientist of the ACM, and a past President and Trustee of IJCAI. He and his coauthors have been recognized for the Best Research Paper at ISWC 2012 on Discovering Concept Coverings in Ontologies of Linked Data Sources and the Best In-Use Paper at ESWC 2013 on Connecting the Smithsonian American Art Museum to the Linked Data Cloud.
IAAI-14 Invited Talk
The Conversational User Interface
Ron Kaplan (Nuance Communications)
Work on both the graphical user interface (GUI) and the conversational user interface (CUI) started at about the same time, about 40 years ago. The GUI was a lot easier to implement, and it made computing and information resources available to ordinary people. But over the years it has lost much of its simplicity and charm. The CUI has taken many more years to develop, requiring major scientific and engineering advances in speech, natural language processing, user-modeling, and reasoning, not to mention increases in cost-effective computation. But the infrastructure is now in place for the creation and widespread distribution of conversational interfaces. This talk describes some natural modes of conversational interaction and some of the supporting technologies that are now under development.
Ron Kaplan is the director of the Natural Language and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at Nuance Communications. He came to Nuance from Microsoft, where he managed the Natural Language Platform Team for the Bing search engine. Before that, he was the chief technology officer and the chief scientific officer at Powerset, a deep semantic-search company that Microsoft acquired and merged into Bing. Powerset was a spin-out of the (Xerox) Palo Alto Research Center and was based on NL technology developed by the natural language research group that Kaplan directed at PARC. Inxight and Microlytics were earlier spin-out companies based on Kaplan's technologies. Kaplan is also a consulting professor of linguistics at Stanford University. He is a past president and Fellow of the Association for Computational Linguistics. He is a corecipient of the 1992 Software System Award of the Association for Computing Machinery, and a Fellow of the ACM. He received his Ph.D. in social psychology from Harvard