William J. Clancey, Pascal Lee, and Maarten Sierhuis, NASA/Ames Research Center, USA
Living and working on Mars will require model-based computer systems for maintaining and controlling complex life support, communication, transportation, and power systems. This technology must work properly on the first three-year mission, augmenting human autonomy, without adding yet more complexity to be diagnosed and repaired. One design method is to work with scientists in analog (Mars-like) settings to understand how they prefer to work, what constraints will be imposed by the Mars environment, and how to ameliorate difficulties. We describe how we are using empirical requirements analysis to prototype model-based tools at a research station in the High Canadian Arctic.