Deep Blue Versus Kasparov: The Significance for Artificial Intelligence
Papers from the AAAI Workshop
Robert Morris, Chair
The impetus for this workshop is the historic 1996 chess match between Garry Kasparov and the chess playing system Deep Blue. The media attention generated by the match has brought issues related to the nature and possibility of intelligence as well as research in AI once again to the forefront of popular culture. Kasparov himself was quoted in Time Magazine as one who "sensed a new kind of intelligence across the table."
The theme of the workshop was the significance and ramifications of this famous chess match for the science of AI. The workshop was intended to foster a serious discussion of the issues related to the nature and possibility of intelligence, using Kasparov vs. Deep Blue as the context. It was also intended to be an opportunity for the computational science community to review and reflect upon the extensive AI research undertaken to solve the chess problem. Questions discussed in the workshop fell into the following categories. Specific questions include:
- Ontological: Are there thinking machines? Is Deep Blue one of them?
- Epistemological: What are the sufficient/ necessary conditions for "sensing" intelligence?
- Foundational: What does Kasparov vs. Deep Blue mean to AI? Is Deep Blue "AI"?
- Historical: What are the important milestones in the development of chess-playing programs?
- Technological: What software technology underlies the best chess playing programs? What is the future of this technology?
- Cultural: Why the negative emotional reaction to the notion of AI by some philosophers and cognitive scientists?