AAAI Publications, Twenty-Fifth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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A POMDP Model of Eye-Hand Coordination
Tom Erez, Julian J. Tramper, William D Smart, Stan CAM Gielen

Last modified: 2011-08-04


This paper presents a generative model of eye-hand coordination. We use numerical optimization to solve for the joint behavior of an eye and two hands, deriving a predicted motion pattern from first principles, without imposing heuristics. We model the planar scene as a POMDP with 17 continuous state dimensions. Belief-space optimization is facilitated by using a nominal-belief heuristic, whereby we assume (during planning) that the maximum likelihood observation is always obtained. Since a globally-optimal solution for such a high-dimensional domain is computationally intractable, we employ local optimization in the belief domain. By solving for a locally-optimal plan through belief space, we generate a motion pattern of mutual coordination between hands and eye: the eye's saccades disambiguate the scene in a task-relevant manner, and the hands' motions anticipate the eye's saccades. Finally, the model is validated through a behavioral experiment, in which human subjects perform the same eye-hand coordination task. We show how simulation is congruent with the experimental results.

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