AAAI Publications, Twenty-Sixth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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Learning Qualitative Models by Demonstration
Thomas R. Hinrichs, Kenneth D. Forbus

Last modified: 2012-07-12


Creating software agents that learn interactively requires the ability to learn from a small number of trials, extracting general, flexible knowledge that can drive behavior from observation and interaction. We claim that qualitative models provide a useful intermediate level of causal representation for dynamic domains, including the formulation of strategies and tactics. We argue that qualitative models are quickly learnable, and enable model-based reasoning techniques to be used to recognize, operationalize, and construct more strategic knowledge. This paper describes an approach to incrementally learning qualitative influences by demonstration in the context of a strategy game. We show how the learned model can help a system play by enabling it to explain which actions could contribute to maximizing a quantitative goal. We also show how reasoning about the model allows it to reformulate a learning problem to address delayed effects and credit assignment, such that it can improve its performance on more strategic tasks such as city placement.


Qualitative Reasoning; Cognitive Systems; Machine Learning

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