AAAI Publications, Twenty-Sixth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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Conflict-Based Search For Optimal Multi-Agent Path Finding
Guni Sharon, Roni Stern, Ariel Felner, Nathan Sturtevant

Last modified: 2012-09-11

Abstract


In the multi agent path finding problem (MAPF) paths should be found for several agents, each with a different start and goal position such that agents do not collide. Previous optimal solvers applied global A*-based searches. We present a new search algorithm called Conflict Based Search (CBS). CBS is a two-level algorithm. At the high level, a search is performed on a tree based on conflicts between agents. At the low level, a search is performed only for a single agent at a time. In many cases this reformulation enables CBS to examine fewer states than A* while still maintaining optimality. We analyze CBS and show its benefits and drawbacks. Experimental results on various problems shows a speedup of up to a full order of magnitude over previous approaches.

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