AAAI Publications, Twenty-Seventh AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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Improving the Performance of Consistency Algorithms by Localizing and Bolstering Propagation in a Tree Decomposition
Shant Karakashian, Robert J. Woodward, Berthe Y. Choueiry

Last modified: 2013-06-30

Abstract


The tractability of a Constraint Satisfaction Problem (CSP)is guaranteed by a direct relationship between its consistencylevel and a structural parameter of its constraint network suchas the treewidth. This result is not widely exploited in practicebecause enforcing higher-level consistencies can be costlyand can change the structure of the constraint network andincrease its width. Recently, R(*,m)C was proposed as a relational consistency property that does not modify the structureof the graph and, thus, does not affect its width. In this paper,we explore two main strategies, based on a tree decomposition of the CSP, for improving the performance of enforcingR(*,m)C and getting closer to the above tractability condition. Those strategies are: a) localizing the application ofthe consistency algorithm to the clusters of the tree decomposition, and b) bolstering constraint propagation betweenclusters by adding redundant constraints at their separators,for which we propose three new schemes. We characterizethe resulting consistency properties by comparing them, theoretically and empirically, to the original R(*,m)C and thepopular GAC and maxRPWC, and establish the benefits ofour approach for solving difficult problems.

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