AAAI Publications, Twenty-Fifth International FLAIRS Conference

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Story-Level Inference and Gap Filling to Improve Machine Reading
Hans Chalupsky

Last modified: 2012-05-16


Machine reading aims at extracting formal knowledge representations from text to enable programs to execute some performance task, for example, diagnosis or answering complex queries stated in a formal representation language. Information extraction techniques are a natural starting point for machine reading, however, since they focus on explicit surface features at the phrase and sentence level, they generally miss information only stated implicitly. Moreover, the combination of multiple extraction results leads to error compounding which dramatically affects extraction quality for composite structures. To address these shortcomings, we present a new approach which aggregates locally extracted information into a larger story context and uses abductive constraint reasoning to generate the best story-level interpretation. We demonstrate that this approach significantly improves formal question answering performance on complex questions.


machine reading; knowledge-based interpretation; gap filling; abduction

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