AAAI Publications, Twenty-Fifth IAAI Conference

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Scalable Randomized Patrolling for Securing Rapid Transit Networks
Pradeep Varakantham, Hoong Chuin Lau, Zhi Yuan

Last modified: 2013-06-28


Mass Rapid Transit using rail is a popular mode of transport employed by millions of people in many urban cities across the world. Typically, these networks are massive, used by many and thus, can be a soft target for criminals. In this paper, we consider the problem of scheduling randomised patrols for improved security of such rail networks. Similar to existing work in randomised patrols for protecting critical infrastructure, we also employ Stackelberg Games to represent the problem. In solving the Stackelberg games for massive rail networks, we make two key contributions. Firstly, we provide an approach called RaPtoR for computing randomized strategies in patrol teams, which guarantees (i) Strong Stackelberg equilibrium (SSE); and (ii) Optimality in terms of distance travelled by the patrol teams for specific constraints on schedules. Secondly, we demonstrate RaPtoR on a real world data set corresponding to the rail network in Singapore. Furthermore, we also show that the algorithm scales easily to large rail networks while providing SSE randomized strategies.


Game Theory; Stackelberg Games; Security Games

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