AAAI Publications, Twenty-Second International Conference on Automated Planning and Scheduling

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Integrating Vehicle Routing and Motion Planning
Scott Kiesel, Ethan Burns, Christopher Wilt, Wheeler Ruml

Last modified: 2012-05-14


There has been much interest recently in problems that com-bine high-level task planning with low-level motion planning.In this paper, we present a problem of this kind that arises inmulti-vehicle mission planning. It tightly integrates task al-location and scheduling, who will do what when, with pathplanning, how each task will actually be performed. It ex-tends classical vehicle routing in that the cost of executing aset of high-level tasks can vary significantly in time and costaccording to the low-level paths selected. It extends classi-cal motion planning in that each path must minimize costwhile also respecting temporal constraints, including thoseimposed by the agent’s other tasks and the tasks assigned toother agents. Furthermore, the problem is a subtask withinan interactive system and therefore must operate within se-vere time constraints. We present an approach to the problembased on a combination of tabu search, linear programming,and heuristic search. We evaluate our planner on represen-tative problem instances and find that its performance meetsthe demanding requirements of our application. These resultsdemonstrate how integrating multiple diverse techniques cansuccessfully solve challenging real-world planning problemsthat are beyond the reach of any single method.

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