AAAI Publications, Twenty-Second International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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Scalable Multiagent Planning Using Probabilistic Inference
Akshat Kumar, Shlomo Zilberstein, Marc Toussaint

Last modified: 2011-06-28


Multiagent planning has seen much progress with the development of formal models such as Dec-POMDPs. However, the complexity of these models—NEXP-Complete even for two agents—has limited scalability. We identify certain mild conditions that are sufficient to make multiagent planning amenable to a scalable approximation w.r.t. the number of agents. This is achieved by constructing a graphical model in which likelihood maximization is equivalent to plan optimization. Using the Expectation-Maximization framework for likelihood maximization, we show that the necessary inference can be decomposed into processes that often involve a small subset of agents, thereby facilitating scalability. We derive a global update rule that combines these local inferences to monotonically increase the overall solution quality. Experiments on a large multiagent planning benchmark confirm the benefits of the new approach in terms of runtime and scalability.

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