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Paraconsistent Hybrid Theories

Last modified: 2012-05-17

#### Abstract

We consider the problem of reasoning from inconsistent hybrid theories, i.e., combinations of a structural part given by a classical first order theory (e.g., an ontology) and a rules part as a set of declarative logic program rules (under answer-set semantics). Paraconsistent reasoning is achieved by defining an appropriate semantics, so-called paraconsistent semi-equilibrium model semantics for such hybrid theories. Appropriateness of the semantics is established with respect to desirable properties attesting design objectives, such us to generalize the underlying semantics in case of consistency, as well as to generalize existing paraconsistent semantics for the individual parts. A complexity analysis of corresponding reasoning tasks complements these results.

#### Keywords

hybrid knowledge bases, paraconsistent reasoning, answer-set programming, equilibrium logic

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