AAAI Publications, Fourth Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Search

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Scalable Distributed Monte-Carlo Tree Search
Kazuki Yoshizoe, Akihiro Kishimoto, Tomoyuki Kaneko, Haruhiro Yoshimoto, Yutaka Ishikawa

Last modified: 2011-07-05

Abstract


Monte-Carlo Tree Search (MCTS) is remarkably successful in two-player games, but parallelizing MCTS has been notoriously difficult to scale well, especially in distributed environments. For a distributed parallel search, transposition-table driven scheduling (TDS) is known to be efficient in several domains. We present a massively parallel MCTS algorithm, that applies the TDS parallelism to the Upper Confidence bound Applied to Trees (UCT) algorithm, which is the most representative MCTS algorithm. To drastically decrease communication overhead, we introduce a reformulation of UCT called Depth-First UCT. The parallel performance of the algorithm is evaluated on clusters using up to 1,200 cores in artificial game-trees. We show that this approach scales well, achieving 740-fold speedups in the best case.

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