AAAI Publications, Workshops at the Twenty-Fifth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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Visual Search and Multirobot Collaboration Based on Hierarchical Planning
Shiqi Zhang, Mohan Sridharan

Last modified: 2011-08-24

Abstract


Mobile robots are increasingly being used in the real-world due to the availability of high-fidelity sensors and sophisticated information processing algorithms. A key challenge to the widespread deployment of robots is the ability to accurately sense the environment and collaborate towards a common objective. Probabilistic sequential decision-making methods can be used to address this challenge because they encapsulate the partial observability and non-determinism of robot domains. However, such formulations soon become intractable for domains with complex state spaces that require real-time operation. Our prior work enabled a mobile robot to use hierarchical partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs) to automatically tailor visual sensing and information processing to the task at hand. This paper introduces adaptive observation functions and policy re-weighting in a three-layered POMDP hierarchy to enable reliable and efficient visual processing in dynamic domains. In addition, each robot merges its beliefs with those communicated by teammates, to enable a team of robots to collaborate robustly. All algorithms are evaluated in simulated domains and on physical robots tasked with locating target objects in indoor environments.

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