AAAI Publications, Workshops at the Twenty-Seventh AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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A Preliminary Investigation into Predictive Models for Adverse Drug Events
Jesse Davis, Vitor Santos Costa, Peggy Peissig, Michael Caldwell, David Page

Last modified: 2013-06-29

Abstract


Adverse drug events are a leading cause of danger and cost in health care. We could reduce both the danger and the cost if we had accurate models to predict, at prescription time for each drug, which patients are most at risk for known adverse reactions to that drug, such as myocardial infarction (MI, or "heart attack") if given a Cox2 inhibitor, angioedema if given an ACE inhibitor, or bleeding if given an anticoagulant such as Warfarin. We address this task for the specific case of Cox2 inhibitors, a type of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) or pain reliever that is easier on the gastrointestinal system than most NSAIDS. Because of the MI adverse drug reaction, some but not all very effective Cox2 inhibitors were removed from the market. Specifically, we use machine learning to predict which patients on a Cox2 inhibitor would suffer an MI. An important issue for machine learning is that we do not know which of these patients might have suffered an MI even without the drug. To begin to make some headway on this important problem, we compare our predictive model for MI for patients on Cox2 inhibitors against a more general model for predicting MI among a broader population not on Cox2 inhibitors.

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