Approximate Solution Techniques for Factored First-order MDPs

Scott Sanner, Craig Boutilier

Most traditional approaches to probabilistic planning in relationally specified MDPs rely on grounding the problem w.r.t. specific domain instantiations, thereby incurring a combinatorial blowup in the representation. An alternative approach is to lift a relational MDP to a first-order MDP (FOMDP) specification and develop solution approaches that avoid grounding. Unfortunately, state-of-the-art FOMDPs are inadequate for specifying factored transition models or additive rewards that scale with the domain size -- structure that is very natural in probabilistic planning problems. To remedy these deficiencies, we propose an extension of the FOMDP formalism known as a factored FOMDP and present generalizations of symbolic dynamic programming and linear-value approximation solutions to exploit its structure. Along the way, we also make contributions to the field of first-order probabilistic inference (FOPI) by demonstrating novel first-order structures that can be exploited without domain grounding. We present empirical results to demonstrate that we can obtain solutions whose complexity scales polynomially in the logarithm of the domain size -- results that are impossible to obtain with any previously proposed solution method.

Subjects: 1.11 Planning; 3.4 Probabilistic Reasoning

Submitted: Jun 27, 2007

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