A First Experimental Demonstration of Massive Knowledge Infusion

Loizos Michael, Leslie G. Valiant

A central goal of Artificial Intelligence is to create systems that embody commonsense knowledge in a reliable enough form that it can be used for reasoning in novel situations. Knowledge Infusion is an approach to this problem in which the commonsense knowledge is acquired by learning. In this paper we report on experiments on a corpus of a half million sentences of natural language text that test whether commonsense knowledge can be usefully acquired through this approach. We examine the task of predicting a deleted word from the remainder of a sentence for some 268 target words. As baseline we consider how well this task can be performed using learned rules based on the words within a fixed distance of the target word and their parts of speech. This captures an approach that has been previously demonstrated to be highly successful for a variety of natural language tasks. We then go on to learn from the corpus rules that embody commonsense knowledge, additional to the knowledge used in the baseline case. We show that chaining learned commonsense rules together leads to measurable improvements in prediction performance on our task as compared with the baseline. This is apparently the first experimental demonstration that commonsense knowledge can be learned from natural inputs on a massive scale reliably enough that chaining the learned rules is efficacious for reasoning.

Subjects: 12. Machine Learning and Discovery; 13. Natural Language Processing

Submitted: Jun 15, 2008

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