AAAI Publications, Twenty-Ninth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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Robust Subspace Clustering via Thresholding Ridge Regression
Xi Peng, Zhang Yi, Huajin Tang

Last modified: 2015-03-04

Abstract


Given a data set from a union of multiple linear subspaces, a robust subspace clustering algorithm fits each group of data points with a low-dimensional subspace and then clusters these data even though they are grossly corrupted or sampled from the union of dependent subspaces. Under the framework of spectral clustering, recent works using sparse representation, low rank representation and their extensions achieve robust clustering results by formulating the errors (e.g., corruptions) into their objective functions so that the errors can be removed from the inputs. However, these approaches have suffered from the limitation that the structure of the errors should be known as the prior knowledge. In this paper, we present a new method of robust subspace clustering by eliminating the effect of the errors from the projection space (representation) rather than from the input space. We firstly prove that ell_1-, ell_2-, and ell_infty-norm-based linear projection spaces share the property of intra-subspace projection dominance, i.e., the coefficients over intra-subspace data points are larger than those over inter-subspace data points. Based on this property, we propose a robust and efficient subspace clustering algorithm, called Thresholding Ridge Regression (TRR). TRR calculates the ell2-norm-based coefficients of a given data set and performs a hard thresholding operator; and then the coefficients are used to build a similarity graph for clustering. Experimental studies show that TRR outperforms the state-of-the-art methods with respect to clustering quality, robustness, and time-saving.

Keywords


subspace clustering;sparse coding;low rank representation

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