AAAI Publications, Twenty-Ninth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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Self-Paced Learning for Matrix Factorization
Qian Zhao, Deyu Meng, Lu Jiang, Qi Xie, Zongben Xu, Alexander G. Hauptmann

Last modified: 2015-02-21


Matrix factorization (MF) has been attracting much attention due to its wide applications. However, since MF models are generally non-convex, most of the existing methods are easily stuck into bad local minima, especially in the presence of outliers and missing data. To alleviate this deficiency, in this study we present a new MF learning methodology by gradually including matrix elements into MF training from easy to complex. This corresponds to a recently proposed learning fashion called self-paced learning (SPL), which has been demonstrated to be beneficial in avoiding bad local minima. We also generalize the conventional binary (hard) weighting scheme for SPL to a more effective real-valued (soft) weighting manner. The effectiveness of the proposed self-paced MF method is substantiated by a series of experiments on synthetic, structure from motion and background subtraction data.

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