AAAI Publications, Thirty-Second AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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Zero-Shot Learning via Class-Conditioned Deep Generative Models
Wenlin Wang, Yunchen Pu, Vinay Kumar Verma, Kai Fan, Yizhe Zhang, Changyou Chen, Piyush Rai, Lawrence Carin

Last modified: 2018-04-29


We present a deep generative model for Zero-Shot Learning (ZSL). Unlike most existing methods for this problem, that represent each class as a point (via a semantic embedding), we represent each seen/unseen class using a class-specific latent-space distribution, conditioned on class attributes. We use these latent-space distributions as a prior for a supervised variational autoencoder (VAE), which also facilitates learning highly discriminative feature representations for the inputs. The entire framework is learned end-to-end using only the seen-class training data. At test time, the label for an unseen-class test input is the class that maximizes the VAE lower bound. We further extend the model to a (i) semi-supervised/transductive setting by leveraging unlabeled unseen-class data via an unsupervised learning module, and (ii) few-shot learning where we also have a small number of labeled inputs from the unseen classes. We compare our model with several state-of-the-art methods through a comprehensive set of experiments on a variety of benchmark data sets.

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