AAAI Publications, Thirty-Second AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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Allocation Problems in Ride-Sharing Platforms: Online Matching With Offline Reusable Resources
John P. Dickerson, Karthik A. Sankararaman, Aravind Srinivasan, Pan Xu

Last modified: 2018-04-25


Bipartite matching markets pair agents on one side of a market with agents, items, or contracts on the opposing side. Prior work addresses online bipartite matching markets, where agents arrive over time and are dynamically matched to a known set of disposable resources. In this paper, we propose a new model, Online Matching with (offline) Reusable Resources under Known Adversarial Distributions (OM-RR-KAD), in which resources on the offline side are reusable instead of disposable; that is, once matched, resources become available again at some point in the future. We show that our model is tractable by presenting an LP-based adaptive algorithm that achieves an online competitive ratio of 1/2 − ε for any given ε > 0. We also show that no non-adaptive algorithm can achieve a ratio of 1/2 + o(1) based on the same benchmark LP. Through a data-driven analysis on a massive openly-available dataset, we show our model is robust enough to capture the application of taxi dispatching services and ride-sharing systems. We also present heuristics that perform well in practice.


Online Matching; Randomized Algorithms; Ride-Sharing

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