AAAI Publications, The Twenty-Seventh International Flairs Conference

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Sentiment Analysis Using Dependency Trees and Named-Entities
Ugan Yasavur, Jorge Travieso, Christine Lisetti, Naphtali David Rishe

Last modified: 2014-05-03

Abstract


There is an increasing interest for valence and emotion sensing using a variety of signals. Text, as a communication channel, gathers a substantial amount of interest for recognizing its underlying sentiment (valence or polarity), affect or emotion (e.g. happy, sadness). We consider recognizing the valence of a sentence as a prior task to emotion sensing. In this article, we discuss our approach to classify sentences in terms of emotional valence. Our supervised system performs syntactic and semantic analysis for feature extraction. It processes the interactions between words in sentences by using dependency parse trees, and it can decide the current polarity of named-entities based on on-the-fly topic modeling. We compared 3 rule-based approaches and two supervised approaches (i.e. Naive Bayes and Maximum Entropy). We trained and tested our system using the SemEval-2007 affective text dataset, which contains news headlines extracted from news websites. Our results show that our systems outperform the systems demonstrated in SemEval-2007.

Keywords


sentiment analysis; emotion recognition; named-entity; topic modeling; dependency trees;

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