Submodular Optimization over Streams with Inhomogeneous Decays
Cardinality constrained submodular function maximization, which aims to select a subset of size at most k to maximize a monotone submodular utility function, is the key in many data mining and machine learning applications such as data summarization and maximum coverage problems. When data is given as a stream, streaming submodular optimization (SSO) techniques are desired. Existing SSO techniques can only apply to insertion-only streams where each element has an infinite lifespan, and sliding-window streams where each element has a same lifespan (i.e., window size). However, elements in some data streams may have arbitrary different lifespans, and this requires addressing SSO over streams with inhomogeneous-decays (SSO-ID). This work formulates the SSO-ID problem and presents three algorithms: BASIC-STREAMING is a basic streaming algorithm that achieves an (1/2 − ɛ) approximation factor; HISTAPPROX improves the efficiency significantly and achieves an (1/3 − ɛ) approximation factor; HISTSTREAMING is a streaming version of HISTAPPROX and uses heuristics to further improve the efficiency. Experiments conducted on real data demonstrate that HISTSTREAMING can find high quality solutions and is up to two orders of magnitude faster than the naive GREEDY algorithm.