Neural Relation Extraction within and across Sentence Boundaries

  • Pankaj Gupta University of Munich
  • Subburam Rajaram Siemens
  • Hinrich Schütze University of Munich
  • Thomas Runkler Technical University of Munich

Abstract

Past work in relation extraction mostly focuses on binary relation between entity pairs within single sentence. Recently, the NLP community has gained interest in relation extraction in entity pairs spanning multiple sentences. In this paper, we propose a novel architecture for this task: inter-sentential dependency-based neural networks (iDepNN). iDepNN models the shortest and augmented dependency paths via recurrent and recursive neural networks to extract relationships within (intra-) and across (inter-) sentence boundaries. Compared to SVM and neural network baselines, iDepNN is more robust to false positives in relationships spanning sentences. We evaluate our models on four datasets from newswire (MUC6) and medical (BioNLP shared task) domains that achieve state-of-the-art performance and show a better balance in precision and recall for inter-sentential relationships. We perform better than 11 teams participating in the BioNLP shared task 2016 and achieve a gain of 5.2% (0.587 vs 0.558) in F1 over the winning team. We also release the crosssentence annotations for MUC6.

Published
2019-07-17
Section
AAAI Technical Track: Natural Language Processing