Generating Chinese Ci with Designated Metrical Structure

  • Richong Zhang Beihang University
  • Xinyu Liu University of Ottawa
  • Xinwei Chen University of Ottawa
  • Zhiyuan Hu Beijing University of Chemical Technology
  • Zhaoqing Xu Beihang University
  • Yongyi Mao University of Ottawa


Ci is a lyric poetry form that follows highly restrictive metrical structures. This makes it challenging for a computer to compose Ci subject to a specified metrical requirement. In this work, we adapt the CVAE framework to automated Ci generation under metrical constraints. Specifically, we present the first neural model that explicitly encodes the designated metrical structure for Ci generation. The proposed model is shown experimentally to generate Ci with nearly perfect metrical structures.

AAAI Technical Track: Natural Language Processing