Gossip and Attend: Context-Sensitive Graph Representation Learning

  • Zekarias Kefato KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  • Sarunas Girdzijauskas KTH Royal Institute of Technology

Abstract

Graph representation learning (GRL) is a powerful technique for learning low-dimensional vector representation of high-dimensional and often sparse graphs. Most studies explore the structure and metadata associated with the graph using random walks and employ an unsupervised or semi-supervised learning schemes. Learning in these methods is context-free, resulting in only a single representation per node. Recently studies have argued on the adequacy of a single representation and proposed context-sensitive approaches, which are capable of extracting multiple node representations for different contexts. This proved to be highly effective in applications such as link prediction and ranking.

However, most of these methods rely on additional textual features that require complex and expensive RNNs or CNNs to capture high-level features or rely on a community detection algorithm to identify multiple contexts of a node.

In this study we show that in-order to extract high-quality context-sensitive node representations it is not needed to rely on supplementary node features, nor to employ computationally heavy and complex models. We propose Goat, a context-sensitive algorithm inspired by gossip communication and a mutual attention mechanism simply over the structure of the graph. We show the efficacy of Goat using 6 real-world datasets on link prediction and node clustering tasks and compare it against 12 popular and state-of-the-art (SOTA) baselines. Goat consistently outperforms them and achieves up to 12% and 19% gain over the best performing methods on link prediction and clustering tasks, respectively.

Published
2020-05-26
How to Cite
Kefato, Z., & Girdzijauskas, S. (2020). Gossip and Attend: Context-Sensitive Graph Representation Learning. Proceedings of the International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media, 14(1), 351-359. Retrieved from https://www.aaai.org/ojs/index.php/ICWSM/article/view/7305