A Dataset of Fact-Checked Images Shared on WhatsApp During the Brazilian and Indian Elections

  • Julio C. S. Reis Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)
  • Philipe Melo Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)
  • Kiran Garimella Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Jussara M. Almeida Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)
  • Dean Eckles Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Fabrício Benevenuto Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG)

Abstract

Recently, messaging applications, such as WhatsApp, have been reportedly abused by misinformation campaigns, especially in Brazil and India. A notable form of abuse in WhatsApp relies on several manipulated images and memes containing all kinds of fake stories. In this work, we performed an extensive data collection from a large set of WhatsApp publicly accessible groups and fact-checking agency websites. This paper opens a novel dataset to the research community containing fact-checked fake images shared through WhatsApp for two distinct scenarios known for the spread of fake news on the platform: the 2018 Brazilian elections and the 2019 Indian elections.

Published
2020-05-26
How to Cite
Reis, J. C. S., Melo, P., Garimella, K., Almeida, J. M., Eckles, D., & Benevenuto, F. (2020). A Dataset of Fact-Checked Images Shared on WhatsApp During the Brazilian and Indian Elections. Proceedings of the International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media, 14(1), 903-908. Retrieved from https://www.aaai.org/ojs/index.php/ICWSM/article/view/7356