RoboCup 2004 Competitions and Symposium: A Small Kick for Robots, a Giant Score for Science

  • Pedro Lima
  • Luis Custodio
  • Levent Akin
  • Adam Jacoff
  • Gerhard Kraetzschmar
  • Ng Beng Kiat
  • Oliver Obst
  • Thomas Rofer
  • Yasutake Takahashi
  • Changjiu Zhou


RoboCup is an international initiative with the main goals of fostering research and education in artificial intelligence and robotics, as well as of promoting science and technology to world citizens. The idea behind RoboCup is to provide a standard problem for which a wide range of technologies can be integrated and examined, as well as being used for project-oriented education, and to organize annual events open to the general public, at which different solutions to the problem are compared. The eighth annual RoboCup -- RoboCup 2004 -- was held in Lisbon, Portugal, from 27 June to 5 July. In this article, a general description of RoboCup 2004 is presented, including summaries concerning teams, participants, distribution into leagues, main research advances, as well as detailed descriptions for each league.