Cognitive Architectures and General Intelligent Systems

  • Pat Langley


In this article, I claim that research on cognitive architectures is an important path to the development of general intelligent systems. I contrast this paradigm with other approaches to constructing such systems, and I review the theoretical commitments associated with a cognitive architecture. I illustrate these ideas using a particular architecture -- ICARUS -- by examining its claims about memories, about the representation and organization of knowledge, and about the performance and learning mechanisms that affect memory structures. I also consider the high-level programming language that embodies these commitments, drawing examples from the domain of in-city driving. In closing, I consider ICARUS's relation to other cognitive architectures and discuss some open issues that deserve increased attention.