Preferences in Constraint Satisfaction and Optimization

  • Francesca Rossi University of Padova
  • Kristen Brent Venable
  • Toby Walsh


We review constraint-based approaches to handle preferences. We start by defining the main notions of constraint programming, then give various concepts of soft constraints and show how they can
 be used to model quantitative preferences. We then consider how soft constraints can be adapted to handle other forms of preferences, such as bipolar, qualitative, and temporal preferences. Finally, we describe how AI techniques such as abstraction, explanation generation, machine learning, and preference elicitation, can be useful in modelling and solving soft constraints.

Author Biography

Francesca Rossi, University of Padova

Full professor of computer science,

Department of Pure and Applied Mathematics, University of Padova, Italy.

How to Cite
Rossi, F., Venable, K. B., & Walsh, T. (2008). Preferences in Constraint Satisfaction and Optimization. AI Magazine, 29(4), 58.