Symbiotic Cognitive Computing

  • Robert G. Farrell IBM Research http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9839-6159
  • Jonathan Lenchner IBM Research
  • Jeffrey O. Kephjart IBM Research
  • Alan M. Webb IBM Research
  • MIchael J. Muller IBM Research
  • Thomas D. Erikson IBM Research
  • David O. Melville IBM Research
  • Rachel K.E. Bellamy IBM Research
  • Daniel M. Gruen IBM Research
  • Jonathan H. Connell IBM Research
  • Danny Soroker IBM Research
  • Andy Aaron IBM Research
  • Shari M. Trewin IBM Research
  • Maryam Ashoori IBM Research
  • Jason B. Ellis IBM Research
  • Brian P. Gaucher IBM Research
  • Dario Gil IBM Research
Keywords: cognitive environment, symbiosis, multi agent systems, cognitive computing, user experience, decision making, meetings, muti-modal interaction

Abstract

IBM Research is engaged in a research program in symbiotic cognitive computing to investigate how to embed cognitive computing in physical spaces. This article proposes 5 key principles of symbiotic cognitive computing.  We describe how these principles are applied in a particular symbiotic cognitive computing environment and in an illustrative application.  

Author Biographies

Robert G. Farrell, IBM Research

Robert Farrell is a Research Staff Member at the IBM T. J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, NY, USA. His research interests include knowledge representation, reasoning, learning, and language. He is currently working on knowledge extraction from unstructured information sources and contextual natural language understanding. 

Jonathan Lenchner, IBM Research

Jonathan Lenchner is a Senior Technical Staff Member at the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center. His research interests include computational geometry, robotics and AI. He is currently working on immersive environments for sports, and humanoid robots.

Jeffrey O. Kephjart, IBM Research

Jeffrey Kephart   is a Principal Research Staff Member at IBM T.J. Watson Research Center, and a Fellow of the IEEE. He is known for his work on computer virus epidemiology and immune systems, self-managing computing systems, electronic commerce, and data center energy management. Presently, he serves as a principal investigator on a cognitive computing research project with a large energy company  and leads work on applying intelligent agent technologies to corporate mergers and acquisitions.  

Alan M. Webb, IBM Research

Alan Webb is a Senior Software Engineer at the IBM T. J. Watson Research Center. His present research interests are focused upon applying the principles of distributed cognition as an inspiration for pervasive cognitive environments. He is currently working on a generalized system architecture for the cognitive environment and development of the mergers and acquisitions application.

 

MIchael J. Muller, IBM Research

Michael Muller is a Research Staff Member in the Cognitive User Experience group at IBM Research in Cambridge, MA, USA.  He research areas have included collaboration in healthcare, metrics and analytics for enterprise social software, participatory design and organizational crowdfunding. His current work focuses on employee experiences in the workplace.  

Thomas D. Erikson, IBM Research
Thomas Erickson is a social scientist and interaction designer at the IBM T. J. Watson Research Center.  His research has to do with designing systems that enable groups of people to interact coherently and productively in both virtual and real environments.
David O. Melville, IBM Research

David Melville is a Research Staff Member at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center. His research interests include immersive data spaces, spatial computing, adaptive physical architecture, and symbiotic experience design.

Rachel K.E. Bellamy, IBM Research

Rachel Bellamy is a Research Staff Member and Group Manager at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center and heads the Research Design Center . Her general area of research is Human-Computer Interaction and her current work focuses on the user experience of symbiotic cognitive computing. 

Daniel M. Gruen, IBM Research

Daniel Gruen is a Cognitive Scientist in the Cognitive User Experience group at IBM Research in Cambridge, MA, USA. He is interested in the design of systems that let strategic decision-makers seamlessly incorporate insights from cognitive computing  in their ongoing deliberations and creative thinking.   He is currently working with a variety of companies to understand how such systems could enhance the work they do.

Jonathan H. Connell, IBM Research

Jonathan Connell is a Research Staff Member at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center. His research interests include computer vision, machine learning, natural language, robotics, and biometrics. He is currently working on a speech-driven reactive reasoning system for multimodal instructional dialogue. 

Danny Soroker, IBM Research

Danny Soroker is a Research Staff Member at IBM T.J. Watson Research Center.  His research interests include intelligent computation, human-computer interaction, algorithms, visualization, and software design.  He is currently working on agents to support problem-solving and decision-making for corporate mergers and acquisitions. 

Andy Aaron, IBM Research

Andy Aaron Andy Aaron is a Research Staff Member at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center. His was on the speech team for the IBM Watson Jeopardy! match. Along with his work in speech synthesis and speech recognition, he has done sound design for feature films and produced and directed TV and films.

Shari M. Trewin, IBM Research

Shari Trewin is a Research Staff Member at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center. Her current research interests include multimodal human-computer interaction and accessibility of computer systems.  She is currently working on knowledge extraction from scientific literature and interaction designs for professionals working with this extracted knowledge.

Maryam Ashoori, IBM Research

Maryam Ashoori is a Design Researcher at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center. She has a passion for exploring the intersection between art and computer science. Her work has resulted in several novel applications for the Cognitive Environments Laboratory, including a 'Zen Garden' for unwinding after a long day and a service for sparking creativity for inventors. 

Jason B. Ellis, IBM Research

Jason Ellis is a Research Staff Member at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center His research interests include social computing and usability. He is currently working on collaborative user interfaces for cognitive systems.

Brian P. Gaucher, IBM Research

Brian Gaucher is Senior Manager of the Cognitive Environments Laboratory at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center. He leads teams specializing in user experience design and physical infrastructure of cognitive computing environments. His work is focuses on the creation of highly interactive physical spaces designed to improve decision-making through always-on ambient intelligence. 

Dario Gil, IBM Research

Dario Gil is the Vice President of Science and Technology for IBM Research.  As Director of the Symbiotic Cognitive Systems department, he brought together researchers in artificial intelligence, multi- agent systems, robotics, machine vision, natural language processing, speech technologies, human-computer interaction, social computing, user experience and interaction design to create symbiotic cognitive computing technology, services, and applications for business. 

Published
2016-10-07
Section
Articles