Shakey: From Conception to History

  • Benjamin Kuipers University of Michigan
  • Edward A. Feigenbaum Stanford University
  • Peter E. Hart Ricoh Innovations
  • Nils J. Nilsson Stanford University


hakey the Robot, conceived fifty years ago, was a seminal contribution to AI. Shakey perceived its world, planned how to achieve a goal, and acted to carry out that plan. This was revolutionary. At the Twenty-Ninth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, attendees gathered to celebrate Shakey, and to gain insights into how the AI revolution moves ahead. The celebration included a panel, chaired by Benjamin Kuipers and featuring AI pioneers Ed Feigenbaum, Peter Hart, and Nils Nilsson. This article includes written versions of the contributions of those panelists.
How to Cite
Kuipers, B., Feigenbaum, E. A., Hart, P. E., & Nilsson, N. J. (2017). Shakey: From Conception to History. AI Magazine, 38(1), 88-103.